Ayah

إِلَّا تَنصُرُوهُ فَقَدۡ نَصَرَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِذۡ أَخۡرَجَهُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ثَانِىَ ٱثۡنَيۡنِ إِذۡ هُمَا فِى ٱلۡغَارِ إِذۡ يَقُولُ لِصَٰحِبِهِۦ لَا تَحۡزَنۡ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَنَا ۖ فَأَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُۥ عَلَيۡهِ وَأَيَّدَهُۥ بِجُنُودٍ لَّمۡ تَرَوۡهَا وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ٱلسُّفۡلَىٰ ۗ وَكَلِمَةُ ٱللَّهِ هِىَ ٱلۡعُلۡيَا ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ

Translation

If ye help not (your leader), (it is no matter): for Allah did indeed help him, when the Unbelievers drove him out: he had no more than one companion; they two were in the cave, and he said to his companion, "Have no fear, for Allah is with us": then Allah sent down His peace upon him, and strengthened him with forces which ye saw not, and humbled to the depths the word of the Unbelievers. But the word of Allah is exalted to the heights: for Allah is Exalted in might, Wise.<br/>

Tafsir

If you do not help him, that is, the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him, [know that] God has already helped him, when the disbelievers drove him forth, from Mecca, that is, they made him resort to leaving, when they desired to kill him or imprison him or banish him at the council assembly - the second of two (thaaniya ithnayn: this is a circumstantial qualifier), that is, one of two, the other being Aboo Bakr: in other words, just as God helped him in such a situation, He will not forsake him in another; when (idh substitutes for the previous idh) the two were in the cave - a breach in the mountain called Thawr - when (idh substituting again), he said to his companion, Aboo Bakr - who, upon perceiving the [sound of the] feet of the idolaters [nearby], had said to him, 'If one of them should merely look below his feet, he will definitely see us!' - 'Do not despair; verily God is with us', assisting [us]. Then God sent down His Spirit of Peace upon him, His reassurance - some say this means upon the Prophet, others, that it means upon Aboo Bakr - and supported him, that is, the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him, with legions, of angels, you did not see, [both] in the cave and in the locations in which he fought battles; and He made the word of those who disbelieved, that is, the call to idolatry, the nethermost, the one vanquished, and the Word of God, that is, the profession of His Oneness (shahaada), was the uppermost, the one prevailing and triumphant. And God is Mighty, in His Kingdom, Wise, in His actions.

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