Ayah

Word by Word
قَٰتِلُواْ
Fight
ٱلَّذِينَ
those who
لَا
(do) not
يُؤۡمِنُونَ
believe
بِٱللَّهِ
in Allah
وَلَا
and not
بِٱلۡيَوۡمِ
in the Day
ٱلۡأٓخِرِ
the Last
وَلَا
and not
يُحَرِّمُونَ
they make unlawful
مَا
what
حَرَّمَ
has made unlawful
ٱللَّهُ
Allah
وَرَسُولُهُۥ
and His Messenger
وَلَا
and not
يَدِينُونَ
they acknowledge
دِينَ
(the) religion
ٱلۡحَقِّ
(of) the truth
مِنَ
from
ٱلَّذِينَ
those who
أُوتُواْ
were given
ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ
the Scripture
حَتَّىٰ
until
يُعۡطُواْ
they pay
ٱلۡجِزۡيَةَ
the jizyah
عَن
willingly
يَدٖ
willingly
وَهُمۡ
while they
صَٰغِرُونَ
(are) subdued
قَٰتِلُواْ
Fight
ٱلَّذِينَ
those who
لَا
(do) not
يُؤۡمِنُونَ
believe
بِٱللَّهِ
in Allah
وَلَا
and not
بِٱلۡيَوۡمِ
in the Day
ٱلۡأٓخِرِ
the Last
وَلَا
and not
يُحَرِّمُونَ
they make unlawful
مَا
what
حَرَّمَ
has made unlawful
ٱللَّهُ
Allah
وَرَسُولُهُۥ
and His Messenger
وَلَا
and not
يَدِينُونَ
they acknowledge
دِينَ
(the) religion
ٱلۡحَقِّ
(of) the truth
مِنَ
from
ٱلَّذِينَ
those who
أُوتُواْ
were given
ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ
the Scripture
حَتَّىٰ
until
يُعۡطُواْ
they pay
ٱلۡجِزۡيَةَ
the jizyah
عَن
willingly
يَدٖ
willingly
وَهُمۡ
while they
صَٰغِرُونَ
(are) subdued

Translation

Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.

Tafsir

Fight those who do not believe in God, nor in the Last Day, for, otherwise, they would have believed in the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him, and who do not forbid what God and His Messenger have forbidden, such as wine, nor do they practise the religion of truth, the firm one, the one that abrogated other religions, namely, the religion of Islam - from among of those who (min, 'from', explains [the previous] alladheena, 'those who') have been given the Scripture, namely, the Jews and the Christians, until they pay the jizya tribute, the annual tax imposed them, readily ('an yadin is a circumstantial qualifier, meaning, 'compliantly', or 'by their own hands', not delegating it [to others to pay]), being subdued, [being made] submissive and compliant to the authority of Islam.

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