Ayah

Word by Word
ذَٰلِكَ
That
بِأَنَّ
(is) because
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
لَمۡ
not
يَكُ
is
مُغَيِّرٗا
One Who changes
نِّعۡمَةً
a favor
أَنۡعَمَهَا
which He had bestowed
عَلَىٰ
on
قَوۡمٍ
a people
حَتَّىٰ
until
يُغَيِّرُواْ
they change
مَا
what
بِأَنفُسِهِمۡ
(is) in themselves
وَأَنَّ
And indeed
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
سَمِيعٌ
(is) All-Hearing
عَلِيمٞ
All-Knowing
ذَٰلِكَ
That
بِأَنَّ
(is) because
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
لَمۡ
not
يَكُ
is
مُغَيِّرٗا
One Who changes
نِّعۡمَةً
a favor
أَنۡعَمَهَا
which He had bestowed
عَلَىٰ
on
قَوۡمٍ
a people
حَتَّىٰ
until
يُغَيِّرُواْ
they change
مَا
what
بِأَنفُسِهِمۡ
(is) in themselves
وَأَنَّ
And indeed
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
سَمِيعٌ
(is) All-Hearing
عَلِيمٞ
All-Knowing

Translation

"Because Allah will never change the grace which He hath bestowed on a people until they change what is in their (own) souls: and verily Allah is He Who heareth and knoweth (all things)."

Tafsir

That, chastisement of the disbelievers, is because God would never change a grace that He had conferred on a people, substituting it with affliction, until they have changed that which is in themselves, [until] they have exchanged the grace conferred upon them for unbelief, in the way that the Meccan disbelievers exchanged their being 'fed against hunger', their being made 'safe from fear' [cf. Q. 106:4] and the sending of the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him to them, for unbelief, [for] barring against the way of God and [for] fighting Muslims; and [know] that God is Hearing, Knowing.

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