Ayah

Word by Word
۞وَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ
And know
أَنَّمَا
that what
غَنِمۡتُم
you obtain (as) spoils of war
مِّن
of
شَيۡءٖ
anything
فَأَنَّ
then that
لِلَّهِ
for Allah
خُمُسَهُۥ
(is) one fifth of it
وَلِلرَّسُولِ
and for the Messenger
وَلِذِي
and for the
ٱلۡقُرۡبَىٰ
near relatives
وَٱلۡيَتَٰمَىٰ
and the orphans
وَٱلۡمَسَٰكِينِ
and the needy
وَٱبۡنِ
and the
ٱلسَّبِيلِ
wayfarer
إِن
if
كُنتُمۡ
you
ءَامَنتُم
believe
بِٱللَّهِ
in Allah
وَمَآ
and (in) what
أَنزَلۡنَا
We sent down
عَلَىٰ
to
عَبۡدِنَا
Our slave
يَوۡمَ
(on the) day
ٱلۡفُرۡقَانِ
(of) the criterion
يَوۡمَ
(the) day
ٱلۡتَقَى
(when) met
ٱلۡجَمۡعَانِۗ
the two forces
وَٱللَّهُ
And Allah
عَلَىٰ
(is) on
كُلِّ
every
شَيۡءٖ
thing
قَدِيرٌ
All-Powerful
۞وَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ
And know
أَنَّمَا
that what
غَنِمۡتُم
you obtain (as) spoils of war
مِّن
of
شَيۡءٖ
anything
فَأَنَّ
then that
لِلَّهِ
for Allah
خُمُسَهُۥ
(is) one fifth of it
وَلِلرَّسُولِ
and for the Messenger
وَلِذِي
and for the
ٱلۡقُرۡبَىٰ
near relatives
وَٱلۡيَتَٰمَىٰ
and the orphans
وَٱلۡمَسَٰكِينِ
and the needy
وَٱبۡنِ
and the
ٱلسَّبِيلِ
wayfarer
إِن
if
كُنتُمۡ
you
ءَامَنتُم
believe
بِٱللَّهِ
in Allah
وَمَآ
and (in) what
أَنزَلۡنَا
We sent down
عَلَىٰ
to
عَبۡدِنَا
Our slave
يَوۡمَ
(on the) day
ٱلۡفُرۡقَانِ
(of) the criterion
يَوۡمَ
(the) day
ٱلۡتَقَى
(when) met
ٱلۡجَمۡعَانِۗ
the two forces
وَٱللَّهُ
And Allah
عَلَىٰ
(is) on
كُلِّ
every
شَيۡءٖ
thing
قَدِيرٌ
All-Powerful

Translation

And know that out of all the booty that ye may acquire (in war), a fifth share is assigned to Allah,- and to the Messenger, and to near relatives, orphans, the needy, and the wayfarer,- if ye do believe in Allah and in the revelation We sent down to Our servant on the Day of Testing,- the Day of the meeting of the two forces. For Allah hath power over all things.

Tafsir

And know that whatever spoils you have taken, [you have] seized from the disbelievers by force, the fifth of it is for God, to have it dispensed as He will, and for the Messenger and for the kinsmen, the kinsmen of the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him from among the Banoo Haashim and the Banoo ['Abd] al-Muttalib, and the orphans, children of Muslims, those whose fathers have passed away and are in poverty, and the needy, those Muslims in [dire] need, and the traveller, those Muslims cut off during travel - in other words it [the fifth] is due to the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him and [those of] these four categories in the way that he used to apportion it: a fifth of the fifth for each one and the remaining four fifths for those who had captured the spoils, if you believe in God, then be aware of that, and that which (wa-maa is a supplement to bi'Llaahi, 'in God') We sent down upon Our servant, Muhammad may peace and salutation be upon him, in the way of angels and signs, on the Day of Discrimination, that is, the day of [the battle of] Badr, which discriminated between truth and falsehood, the day the two armies, the Muslims and the believers, met. And God has power over all things, including giving you victory despite your being few and their being greater in number.

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