Ayah

Word by Word
قُلۡ
Say
إِنَّمَا
Only
حَرَّمَ
(had) forbidden
رَبِّيَ
my Lord
ٱلۡفَوَٰحِشَ
the shameful deeds
مَا
what
ظَهَرَ
(is) apparent
مِنۡهَا
of it
وَمَا
and what
بَطَنَ
is concealed
وَٱلۡإِثۡمَ
and the sin
وَٱلۡبَغۡيَ
and the oppression
بِغَيۡرِ
without
ٱلۡحَقِّ
[the] right
وَأَن
and that
تُشۡرِكُواْ
you associate (others)
بِٱللَّهِ
with Allah
مَا
what
لَمۡ
not
يُنَزِّلۡ
He (has) sent down
بِهِۦ
of it
سُلۡطَٰنٗا
any authority
وَأَن
and that
تَقُولُواْ
you say
عَلَى
about
ٱللَّهِ
Allah
مَا
what
لَا
not
تَعۡلَمُونَ
you know
قُلۡ
Say
إِنَّمَا
Only
حَرَّمَ
(had) forbidden
رَبِّيَ
my Lord
ٱلۡفَوَٰحِشَ
the shameful deeds
مَا
what
ظَهَرَ
(is) apparent
مِنۡهَا
of it
وَمَا
and what
بَطَنَ
is concealed
وَٱلۡإِثۡمَ
and the sin
وَٱلۡبَغۡيَ
and the oppression
بِغَيۡرِ
without
ٱلۡحَقِّ
[the] right
وَأَن
and that
تُشۡرِكُواْ
you associate (others)
بِٱللَّهِ
with Allah
مَا
what
لَمۡ
not
يُنَزِّلۡ
He (has) sent down
بِهِۦ
of it
سُلۡطَٰنٗا
any authority
وَأَن
and that
تَقُولُواْ
you say
عَلَى
about
ٱللَّهِ
Allah
مَا
what
لَا
not
تَعۡلَمُونَ
you know

Translation

Say: the things that my Lord hath indeed forbidden are: shameful deeds, whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; assigning of partners to Allah, for which He hath given no authority; and saying things about Allah of which ye have no knowledge.

Tafsir

Say: 'My Lord forbids only indecencies, grave sins, such as fornication, such of them as are apparent and such as are hidden, that is, the overt ones and the secret ones, and sin, the act of disobedience, and wrongful insolence, against people, namely, oppression, and that you associate with God that for which He never revealed any warrant, any definitive proof for such association, and that you say concerning God that which you do not know', in the way of forbidding what He has not forbidden and other things.

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