Ayah

Word by Word
فَلَمَّآ
But when
ءَاتَىٰهُمَا
He gives them
صَٰلِحٗا
a good (child)
جَعَلَا
they make
لَهُۥ
for Him
شُرَكَآءَ
partners
فِيمَآ
in what
ءَاتَىٰهُمَاۚ
He has given them
فَتَعَٰلَى
But exalted
ٱللَّهُ
(is) Allah
عَمَّا
above what
يُشۡرِكُونَ
they associate (with Him)
فَلَمَّآ
But when
ءَاتَىٰهُمَا
He gives them
صَٰلِحٗا
a good (child)
جَعَلَا
they make
لَهُۥ
for Him
شُرَكَآءَ
partners
فِيمَآ
in what
ءَاتَىٰهُمَاۚ
He has given them
فَتَعَٰلَى
But exalted
ٱللَّهُ
(is) Allah
عَمَّا
above what
يُشۡرِكُونَ
they associate (with Him)

Translation

But when He giveth them a goodly child, they ascribe to others a share in the gift they have received: but Allah is exalted high above the partners they ascribe to Him.

Tafsir

But when He gave them a sound one, [a sound] child, they ascribed to Him associates (shurakaa'a: a variant reading has shirkan, meaning shareekan, 'an associate') in that which He had given them, by naming it 'Abd al-Haarith, 'servant of al-Haarith', when it is not right to be a 'servant' ('abd) of any one but 'God' [sc. 'Abd Allaah], but this [namesake 'Abd] is not an association [of another with God] in terms of servitude, for Adam was immune [from a sin such as associating others in worship with God]. Samura [ibn Jundub] reported that the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him said, 'On one occasion when Eve gave birth - all the children she bore had failed to survive - Satan visited her and said [to her], "Name it [the child] 'Abd al-Haarith, and it will live." She named it so and it lived. This [affair] was the result of Satan's inspiration and his doings': reported by al-Haakim, who deemed it [the report] 'sound' (saheeh), and [also reported] by al-Tirmidhee, who considered it 'fair-uncommon' (hasan ghareeb); but exalted is God above what they, the people of Mecca, associate, in the way of idols (this sentence is consequent, a supplement to [the one beginning with] khalaqakum, 'He created you', so that what comes between the two is a parenthetical statement).

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