Ayah

Word by Word
أَوَلَمۡ
Would it not
يَهۡدِ
guide
لِلَّذِينَ
[for] those who
يَرِثُونَ
inherit
ٱلۡأَرۡضَ
the land
مِنۢ
from
بَعۡدِ
after
أَهۡلِهَآ
its people
أَن
that
لَّوۡ
if
نَشَآءُ
We willed
أَصَبۡنَٰهُم
We (could) afflict them
بِذُنُوبِهِمۡۚ
for their sins
وَنَطۡبَعُ
and We put a seal
عَلَىٰ
over
قُلُوبِهِمۡ
their hearts
فَهُمۡ
so they
لَا
(do) not
يَسۡمَعُونَ
hear
أَوَلَمۡ
Would it not
يَهۡدِ
guide
لِلَّذِينَ
[for] those who
يَرِثُونَ
inherit
ٱلۡأَرۡضَ
the land
مِنۢ
from
بَعۡدِ
after
أَهۡلِهَآ
its people
أَن
that
لَّوۡ
if
نَشَآءُ
We willed
أَصَبۡنَٰهُم
We (could) afflict them
بِذُنُوبِهِمۡۚ
for their sins
وَنَطۡبَعُ
and We put a seal
عَلَىٰ
over
قُلُوبِهِمۡ
their hearts
فَهُمۡ
so they
لَا
(do) not
يَسۡمَعُونَ
hear

Translation

To those who inherit the earth in succession to its (previous) possessors, is it not a guiding, (lesson) that, if We so willed, We could punish them (too) for their sins, and seal up their hearts so that they could not hear?

Tafsir

Has it not been shown, [has it not] become clear, to those who inherit the earth, as a [place of] habitation, after, the destruction of, those who inhabited it that, (an is the softened form and constitutes the subject [of the verb], its noun having been omitted, in other words [understand it as] annahu), if We will, We could smite them, with chastisement, for their sins?, as We smote those before them? (the hamza in the four instances are meant to indicate rebuke, and the [particles] fa, 'so', and wa, 'and', which have been inserted in two instances [each], are meant to indicate a supplement; a variant reading [for a-wa-amina] has a amina, 'or do [they] feel secure', in the [second] instance, as a supplement). And, We, seal up their hearts so that they do not hear, the admonition, in a way so as to reflect.

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