Ayah

Word by Word
ٱلَّذِي
The One Who
خَلَقَ
created
ٱلۡمَوۡتَ
death
وَٱلۡحَيَوٰةَ
and life
لِيَبۡلُوَكُمۡ
that He may test you
أَيُّكُمۡ
which of you
أَحۡسَنُ
(is) best
عَمَلٗاۚ
(in) deed
وَهُوَ
And He
ٱلۡعَزِيزُ
(is) the All-Mighty
ٱلۡغَفُورُ
the Oft-Forgiving
ٱلَّذِي
The One Who
خَلَقَ
created
ٱلۡمَوۡتَ
death
وَٱلۡحَيَوٰةَ
and life
لِيَبۡلُوَكُمۡ
that He may test you
أَيُّكُمۡ
which of you
أَحۡسَنُ
(is) best
عَمَلٗاۚ
(in) deed
وَهُوَ
And He
ٱلۡعَزِيزُ
(is) the All-Mighty
ٱلۡغَفُورُ
the Oft-Forgiving

Translation

He Who created Death and Life, that He may try which of you is best in deed: and He is the Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving;-

Tafsir

[He] Who created death, in this world, and life, in the Hereafter - or both of them in this world, since the sperm-drop is imbued with life, [life being] that [power] by which sensation becomes possible, death being the opposite of this or the non-existence of it - these being two [alternative] opinions; in the case of the latter [life in the Hereafter], 'creation' implies 'ordainment' - that He may try you, that He may test you in [this] life, [to see] which of you is best in conduct, [which of you] is most obedient to God, and He is the Mighty, in His vengeance against those who disobey Him, the Forgiving, to those who repent to Him;

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