Ayah

Word by Word
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا
O you
ٱلَّذِينَ
who
ءَامَنُواْ
believe
لَا
(Do) not
تَتَوَلَّوۡاْ
make allies
قَوۡمًا
(of) a people
غَضِبَ
(The) wrath
ٱللَّهُ
(of) Allah
عَلَيۡهِمۡ
(is) upon them
قَدۡ
Indeed
يَئِسُواْ
they despair
مِنَ
of
ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ
the Hereafter
كَمَا
as
يَئِسَ
despair
ٱلۡكُفَّارُ
the disbelievers
مِنۡ
of
أَصۡحَٰبِ
(the) companions
ٱلۡقُبُورِ
(of) the graves
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا
O you
ٱلَّذِينَ
who
ءَامَنُواْ
believe
لَا
(Do) not
تَتَوَلَّوۡاْ
make allies
قَوۡمًا
(of) a people
غَضِبَ
(The) wrath
ٱللَّهُ
(of) Allah
عَلَيۡهِمۡ
(is) upon them
قَدۡ
Indeed
يَئِسُواْ
they despair
مِنَ
of
ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ
the Hereafter
كَمَا
as
يَئِسَ
despair
ٱلۡكُفَّارُ
the disbelievers
مِنۡ
of
أَصۡحَٰبِ
(the) companions
ٱلۡقُبُورِ
(of) the graves

Translation

O ye who believe! Turn not (for friendship) to people on whom is the Wrath of Allah, of the Hereafter they are already in despair, just as the Unbelievers are in despair about those (buried) in graves.

Tafsir

O you who believe, do not befriend a people against whom God is wrathful, namely, the Jews. They have truly despaired of the Hereafter, of [attaining] its reward - despite their being certain of its truth, out of obstinacy towards the Prophet, even though they know him to be sincere - just as the disbelievers have despaired - they [themselves] being - of those who are in the tombs, that is to say, those who are entombed [and barred] from the good of the Hereafter, for they are shown [both] their [would-have-been] places in the Paradise, had they believed, and the Hellfire for which they are destined.

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