Ayah

Word by Word
وَقَالُواْ
And they said
لَوۡلَآ
Why has not been
أُنزِلَ
sent down
عَلَيۡهِ
to him
مَلَكٞۖ
an Angel
وَلَوۡ
And if
أَنزَلۡنَا
We (had) sent down
مَلَكٗا
an Angel
لَّقُضِيَ
surely (would) have been decided
ٱلۡأَمۡرُ
the matter
ثُمَّ
then
لَا
no
يُنظَرُونَ
respite would have been granted to them
وَقَالُواْ
And they said
لَوۡلَآ
Why has not been
أُنزِلَ
sent down
عَلَيۡهِ
to him
مَلَكٞۖ
an Angel
وَلَوۡ
And if
أَنزَلۡنَا
We (had) sent down
مَلَكٗا
an Angel
لَّقُضِيَ
surely (would) have been decided
ٱلۡأَمۡرُ
the matter
ثُمَّ
then
لَا
no
يُنظَرُونَ
respite would have been granted to them

Translation

They say: "Why is not an angel sent down to him?" If we did send down an angel, the matter would be settled at once, and no respite would be granted them.

Tafsir

And they say, 'Why has an angel not been sent down to him?', to Muhammad may peace and salutation be upon him, to confirm his truthfulness; yet had We sent down an angel, as they have requested and if they then did not believe, the matter, that they be destroyed, would have been decreed, and then they would not be given any respite, they would [not] be given any extra time for repentance or an excuse, as is God's custom [in dealing] with those before them, destroying them when they disbelieve after their request is granted.

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