Ayah

Word by Word
لَوۡ
If
أَنزَلۡنَا
We (had) sent down
هَٰذَا
this
ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ
Quran
عَلَىٰ
on
جَبَلٖ
a mountain
لَّرَأَيۡتَهُۥ
surely you (would) have seen it
خَٰشِعٗا
humbled
مُّتَصَدِّعٗا
breaking asunder
مِّنۡ
from
خَشۡيَةِ
(the) fear
ٱللَّهِۚ
(of) Allah
وَتِلۡكَ
And these
ٱلۡأَمۡثَٰلُ
(are) the examples
نَضۡرِبُهَا
We present them
لِلنَّاسِ
to the people
لَعَلَّهُمۡ
so that they may
يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
give thought
لَوۡ
If
أَنزَلۡنَا
We (had) sent down
هَٰذَا
this
ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ
Quran
عَلَىٰ
on
جَبَلٖ
a mountain
لَّرَأَيۡتَهُۥ
surely you (would) have seen it
خَٰشِعٗا
humbled
مُّتَصَدِّعٗا
breaking asunder
مِّنۡ
from
خَشۡيَةِ
(the) fear
ٱللَّهِۚ
(of) Allah
وَتِلۡكَ
And these
ٱلۡأَمۡثَٰلُ
(are) the examples
نَضۡرِبُهَا
We present them
لِلنَّاسِ
to the people
لَعَلَّهُمۡ
so that they may
يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
give thought

Translation

Had We sent down this Qur'an on a mountain, verily, thou wouldst have seen it humble itself and cleave asunder for fear of Allah. Such are the similitudes which We propound to men, that they may reflect.

Tafsir

Had We sent down this Qur'aan upon a mountain, and had it [the mountain] been endowed with a faculty of discernment like man, you would have surely seen it humbled, rent asunder by the fear of God. And such similitudes, as those mentioned - do We strike for mankind, that perhaps they may reflect, and so become believers.

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