Ayah

مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ ٱللَّهِ ۚ وَٱلَّذِينَ مَعَهُۥٓ أَشِدَّآءُ عَلَى ٱلۡكُفَّارِ رُحَمَآءُ بَيۡنَهُمۡ ۖ تَرَىٰهُمۡ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبۡتَغُونَ فَضۡلًا مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرِضۡوَٰنًا ۖ سِيمَاهُمۡ فِى وُجُوهِهِم مِّنۡ أَثَرِ ٱلسُّجُودِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمۡ فِى ٱلتَّوۡرَىٰةِ ۚ وَمَثَلُهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡإِنجِيلِ كَزَرۡعٍ أَخۡرَجَ شَطۡـَٔهُۥ فَـَٔازَرَهُۥ فَٱسۡتَغۡلَظَ فَٱسۡتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِۦ يُعۡجِبُ ٱلزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ ٱلۡكُفَّارَ ۗ وَعَدَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ مِنۡهُم مَّغۡفِرَةً وَأَجۡرًا عَظِيمًا

Translation

Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the Taurat; and their similitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight. As a result, it fills the Unbelievers with rage at them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great Reward.<br/>

Tafsir

Muhammad (the subject) is the Messenger of God (its predicate) and those who are with him, that is, his Companions from among the believers (wa'lladheena ma'ahu, [another] subject, the predicate of which [is the following, ashiddaa'u]) are hard, tough, against the disbelievers, showing them no mercy [but], merciful among themselves (ruhamaa'u is a second predicate [of wa'lladheena ma'ahu, 'and those who are with him']), that is to say, they show mutual sympathy and affection for one another, much like a father and a son. You see, you observe, them bowing, prostrating [in worship] (both rukka'an and sujjadan are circumstantial qualifiers). They seek (yabtaghoona is the beginning of a new sentence) bounty from God and beatitude.Their mark (seemaahum is a subject), their distinguishing feature, is on their faces (fee wujoohihim is its predicate): this is a light and a radiance by which, in the Hereafter, they will be recognised as having been those who used to prostrate in this world, from the effect of prostration (min athari'l-sujoodi is semantically connected to the same thing to which the predicate is semantically connected, that is to say, kaa'inatan, '[this] being [from the effect of prostration]'; syntactically, it is a circumstantial qualifier referring to the subject [of kaa'inatan], which is also the subject of the predicate [sc. wujoohihim, 'their faces']). That, mentioned description, is their description (mathaluhum is the subject) in the Torah (fee'l-tawraati is the predicate thereof); and their description in the Bible (wa-mathaluhum fee'l-injeeli, is a subject, the predicate of which is [what follows]) is as a seed that sends forth its shoot (read shat'ahu or shata'ahu) and strengthens it (read aazarahu or azarahu), nourishing it and assisting it, and it grows stout and rises firmly, becoming strong and upright, upon its stalk, its roots (sooq is the plural of saaq), delighting the sowers, that is to say those who planted it, on account of its fairness. The Companions, may God be pleased with them, are being described in this way, for at the outset they were weak and very few in number; but then their number grew and they acquired strength in the most wholesome way, so that He may enrage the disbelievers by them (li-yagheeza bihimu'l-kuffaara is semantically connected to an omitted clause, which is suggested by what preceded, that is to say, 'they are likened to this [so that God may enrage the disbelievers]'). God has promised those of them who believe and perform righteous deeds, the Companions (minhum, 'of them': min, 'of', is an indicator of the genus and not partitive, for they are all possessed of the mentioned attributes) forgiveness and a great reward - the Paradise. Both of these [rewards] will also be given to those who will come after them, as is stated in other verses.

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