Ayah

Word by Word
فَقَضَىٰهُنَّ
Then He completed them
سَبۡعَ
(as) seven
سَمَٰوَاتٖ
heavens
فِي
in
يَوۡمَيۡنِ
two periods
وَأَوۡحَىٰ
and He revealed
فِي
in
كُلِّ
each
سَمَآءٍ
heaven
أَمۡرَهَاۚ
its affair
وَزَيَّنَّا
And We adorned
ٱلسَّمَآءَ
the heaven
ٱلدُّنۡيَا
the nearest
بِمَصَٰبِيحَ
with lamps
وَحِفۡظٗاۚ
and (to) guard
ذَٰلِكَ
That
تَقۡدِيرُ
(is the) Decree
ٱلۡعَزِيزِ
(of) the All-Mighty
ٱلۡعَلِيمِ
the All-Knower
فَقَضَىٰهُنَّ
Then He completed them
سَبۡعَ
(as) seven
سَمَٰوَاتٖ
heavens
فِي
in
يَوۡمَيۡنِ
two periods
وَأَوۡحَىٰ
and He revealed
فِي
in
كُلِّ
each
سَمَآءٍ
heaven
أَمۡرَهَاۚ
its affair
وَزَيَّنَّا
And We adorned
ٱلسَّمَآءَ
the heaven
ٱلدُّنۡيَا
the nearest
بِمَصَٰبِيحَ
with lamps
وَحِفۡظٗاۚ
and (to) guard
ذَٰلِكَ
That
تَقۡدِيرُ
(is the) Decree
ٱلۡعَزِيزِ
(of) the All-Mighty
ٱلۡعَلِيمِ
the All-Knower

Translation

So He completed them as seven firmaments in two Days, and He assigned to each heaven its duty and command. And We adorned the lower heaven with lights, and (provided it) with guard. Such is the Decree of (Him) the Exalted in Might, Full of Knowledge.

Tafsir

Then He ordained them (the [suffixed] pronoun refers back to al-samaa', 'the sky', because it [al-samaa'] actually denotes that plural [sense] to which it will lead [in the following clause), in other words, He made them to be, seven skies in two days - Thursday and Friday. He completed them in the last hour thereof, in which He created Adam - which is why He does not say sawaa'an, 'evenly' here [as He did earlier]; what is said here concords with those verse in which it is stated that the skies and the earth were created in six days; and in each sky He revealed its commandment', that to which He commanded those in it [to follow], in the way of obedience and worship. And We adorned the lowest sky with lamps, with stars, and [this was also] to guard them (hifzan is in the accusative because of its implicit verbal sense, in other words, 'We guarded it against the devils lest they try to listen therein [to the angels] by stealth with meteors'). That is the ordaining of the Mighty, in His kingdom, the Knower, of His creatures.

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