Ayah

وَإِنۡ خِفۡتُمۡ شِقَاقَ بَيۡنِهِمَا فَٱبۡعَثُواْ حَكَمًا مِّنۡ أَهۡلِهِۦ وَحَكَمًا مِّنۡ أَهۡلِهَآ إِن يُرِيدَآ إِصۡلَٰحًا يُوَفِّقِ ٱللَّهُ بَيۡنَهُمَآ ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا خَبِيرًا

Translation

If ye fear a breach between them twain, appoint (two) arbiters, one from his family, and the other from hers; if they wish for peace, Allah will cause their reconciliation: For Allah hath full knowledge, and is acquainted with all things.<br/>

Tafsir

And if you fear, become aware of, a breach, a dispute, between the two, the married couple (the genitive construction shiqaaqa baynihimaa, '[any] breach between the two', is for a range [of alternatives], in other words: shiqaaqan baynihimaa [is the normal construction]) send forth, for them with their consent, an arbiter, a just man, from his folk, his kinsmen, and an arbiter from her folk: the husband delegates to his arbiter the [matter of] divorce or the acceptance of compensation in its place, while she delegates to her arbiter the [matter of] separation. The two arbiters do their best and bid the one guilty of the injustice to desist, or they suggest separation if they see fit. God, exalted be He, says, if they, the two arbiters, desire to set things right, God will grant them, the married couple, success, determining for them what constitutes [an act of] obedience, be it reconciliation or separation. Surely God is ever Knower, of everything, Aware, of what is hidden and what is manifested.

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