Ayah

Word by Word
يَسۡتَفۡتُونَكَ
They seek your ruling
قُلِ
Say
ٱللَّهُ
Allah
يُفۡتِيكُمۡ
gives you a ruling
فِي
concerning
ٱلۡكَلَٰلَةِۚ
the Kalala
إِنِ
if
ٱمۡرُؤٌاْ
a man
هَلَكَ
died
لَيۡسَ
(and) not
لَهُۥ
he has
وَلَدٞ
a child
وَلَهُۥٓ
and he has
أُخۡتٞ
a sister
فَلَهَا
then for her
نِصۡفُ
(is) a half
مَا
(of) what
تَرَكَۚ
he left
وَهُوَ
And he
يَرِثُهَآ
will inherit from her
إِن
if
لَّمۡ
not
يَكُن
is
لَّهَا
for her
وَلَدٞۚ
a child
فَإِن
But if
كَانَتَا
there were
ٱثۡنَتَيۡنِ
two females
فَلَهُمَا
then for them
ٱلثُّلُثَانِ
two thirds
مِمَّا
of what
تَرَكَۚ
he left
وَإِن
But if
كَانُوٓاْ
they were
إِخۡوَةٗ
brothers and sisters
رِّجَالٗا
men
وَنِسَآءٗ
and women
فَلِلذَّكَرِ
then the male will have
مِثۡلُ
like
حَظِّ
share
ٱلۡأُنثَيَيۡنِۗ
(of) the two females
يُبَيِّنُ
makes clear
ٱللَّهُ
Allah
لَكُمۡ
to you
أَن
lest
تَضِلُّواْۗ
you go astray
وَٱللَّهُ
And Allah
بِكُلِّ
of every
شَيۡءٍ
thing
عَلِيمُۢ
(is) All-Knower
يَسۡتَفۡتُونَكَ
They seek your ruling
قُلِ
Say
ٱللَّهُ
Allah
يُفۡتِيكُمۡ
gives you a ruling
فِي
concerning
ٱلۡكَلَٰلَةِۚ
the Kalala
إِنِ
if
ٱمۡرُؤٌاْ
a man
هَلَكَ
died
لَيۡسَ
(and) not
لَهُۥ
he has
وَلَدٞ
a child
وَلَهُۥٓ
and he has
أُخۡتٞ
a sister
فَلَهَا
then for her
نِصۡفُ
(is) a half
مَا
(of) what
تَرَكَۚ
he left
وَهُوَ
And he
يَرِثُهَآ
will inherit from her
إِن
if
لَّمۡ
not
يَكُن
is
لَّهَا
for her
وَلَدٞۚ
a child
فَإِن
But if
كَانَتَا
there were
ٱثۡنَتَيۡنِ
two females
فَلَهُمَا
then for them
ٱلثُّلُثَانِ
two thirds
مِمَّا
of what
تَرَكَۚ
he left
وَإِن
But if
كَانُوٓاْ
they were
إِخۡوَةٗ
brothers and sisters
رِّجَالٗا
men
وَنِسَآءٗ
and women
فَلِلذَّكَرِ
then the male will have
مِثۡلُ
like
حَظِّ
share
ٱلۡأُنثَيَيۡنِۗ
(of) the two females
يُبَيِّنُ
makes clear
ٱللَّهُ
Allah
لَكُمۡ
to you
أَن
lest
تَضِلُّواْۗ
you go astray
وَٱللَّهُ
And Allah
بِكُلِّ
of every
شَيۡءٍ
thing
عَلِيمُۢ
(is) All-Knower

Translation

They ask thee for a legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs. If it is a man that dies, leaving a sister but no child, she shall have half the inheritance: If (such a deceased was) a woman, who left no child, Her brother takes her inheritance: If there are two sisters, they shall have two-thirds of the inheritance (between them): if there are brothers and sisters, (they share), the male having twice the share of the female. Thus doth Allah make clear to you (His law), lest ye err. And Allah hath knowledge of all things.

Tafsir

They will ask you for a pronouncement, concerning indirect heirs. Say: 'God pronounces to you concerning indirect heirs. If a man (in imru'un is in the nominative because of the verb [halaka, 'perishes'] that explains it) perishes, dies, having no children, and no parent, and this is the one referred to as an indirect heir (kalaala), but he has a sister, from both parents or from one, hers is half of what he leaves, and he, a brother, similarly, is her heir, in all that she leaves, if she has no children: but if she has a son, then he [the maternal uncle] receives nothing, and if a daughter, then whatever is left after her share; if the brother and sister be from the same mother, then the one receives a sixth, as was stipulated at the beginning of the soora [Q. 4:11]. If there be two sisters, or more - for this was revealed regarding Jaabir [ibn 'Abd Allaah], who died and was survived by sisters -, theirs are two-thirds of what he, the brother, leaves; if there be, among the inheritors, siblings, men and women, then the male, among them, shall receive the equivalent of the portion of two females. God makes clear to you, the stipulations of your religion, lest you go astray; and God has knowledge of all things', including [matters of] inheritance: it is reported by the two Shaykhs [Bukhaaree and Muslim] that al-Baraa' [ibn 'aazib] said that this was the last of the 'duty' verses to be revealed.

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