Ayah

Word by Word
وَإِذۡ
And when
قَالَت
said
طَّآئِفَةٞ
a party
مِّنۡهُمۡ
of them
يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ
O People
يَثۡرِبَ
(of) Yathrib!
لَا
No
مُقَامَ
stand
لَكُمۡ
for you
فَٱرۡجِعُواْۚ
so return
وَيَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُ
And asked permission
فَرِيقٞ
a group
مِّنۡهُمُ
of them
ٱلنَّبِيَّ
(from) the Prophet
يَقُولُونَ
saying
إِنَّ
Indeed
بُيُوتَنَا
our houses
عَوۡرَةٞ
(are) exposed
وَمَا
and not
هِيَ
they
بِعَوۡرَةٍۖ
(were) exposed
إِن
Not
يُرِيدُونَ
they wished
إِلَّا
but
فِرَارٗا
to flee
وَإِذۡ
And when
قَالَت
said
طَّآئِفَةٞ
a party
مِّنۡهُمۡ
of them
يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ
O People
يَثۡرِبَ
(of) Yathrib!
لَا
No
مُقَامَ
stand
لَكُمۡ
for you
فَٱرۡجِعُواْۚ
so return
وَيَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُ
And asked permission
فَرِيقٞ
a group
مِّنۡهُمُ
of them
ٱلنَّبِيَّ
(from) the Prophet
يَقُولُونَ
saying
إِنَّ
Indeed
بُيُوتَنَا
our houses
عَوۡرَةٞ
(are) exposed
وَمَا
and not
هِيَ
they
بِعَوۡرَةٍۖ
(were) exposed
إِن
Not
يُرِيدُونَ
they wished
إِلَّا
but
فِرَارٗا
to flee

Translation

Behold! A party among them said: "Ye men of Yathrib! ye cannot stand (the attack)! therefore go back!" And a band of them ask for leave of the Prophet, saying, "Truly our houses are bare and exposed," though they were not exposed they intended nothing but to run away.

Tafsir

And when a party of them, namely, the hypocrites, said, 'O people of Yathrib!, namely, the region of Medina (it [Yathriba] is a diptote because of its being a proper noun and because of the morphological similarity it bears to a] verbal form) there is not a stand [possible] (read muqaam or maqaam) for you [here], in other words, no place to stay and no [strategic] position, so turn back, to your dwellings in Medina - they had set out with the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him towards the foot of a mountain outside Medina for battle. And a group of them [even] sought the permission of the Prophet, to turn back, saying, 'Our homes are exposed, unprotected and we fear for them'. God, exalted be He, says: although they were not exposed. They only sought to flee, from battle.

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