Ayah

Word by Word
فَبِمَا
So because
رَحۡمَةٖ
(of) Mercy
مِّنَ
from
ٱللَّهِ
Allah
لِنتَ
you dealt gently
لَهُمۡۖ
with them
وَلَوۡ
And if
كُنتَ
you had been
فَظًّا
rude
غَلِيظَ
(and) harsh
ٱلۡقَلۡبِ
(at) [the] heart
لَٱنفَضُّواْ
surely they (would have) dispersed
مِنۡ
from
حَوۡلِكَۖ
around you
فَٱعۡفُ
Then pardon
عَنۡهُمۡ
[from] them
وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ
and ask forgiveness
لَهُمۡ
for them
وَشَاوِرۡهُمۡ
and consult them
فِي
in
ٱلۡأَمۡرِۖ
the matter
فَإِذَا
Then when
عَزَمۡتَ
you have decided
فَتَوَكَّلۡ
then put trust
عَلَى
on
ٱللَّهِۚ
Allah
إِنَّ
Indeed
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
يُحِبُّ
loves
ٱلۡمُتَوَكِّلِينَ
the ones who put trust (in Him)
فَبِمَا
So because
رَحۡمَةٖ
(of) Mercy
مِّنَ
from
ٱللَّهِ
Allah
لِنتَ
you dealt gently
لَهُمۡۖ
with them
وَلَوۡ
And if
كُنتَ
you had been
فَظًّا
rude
غَلِيظَ
(and) harsh
ٱلۡقَلۡبِ
(at) [the] heart
لَٱنفَضُّواْ
surely they (would have) dispersed
مِنۡ
from
حَوۡلِكَۖ
around you
فَٱعۡفُ
Then pardon
عَنۡهُمۡ
[from] them
وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ
and ask forgiveness
لَهُمۡ
for them
وَشَاوِرۡهُمۡ
and consult them
فِي
in
ٱلۡأَمۡرِۖ
the matter
فَإِذَا
Then when
عَزَمۡتَ
you have decided
فَتَوَكَّلۡ
then put trust
عَلَى
on
ٱللَّهِۚ
Allah
إِنَّ
Indeed
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
يُحِبُّ
loves
ٱلۡمُتَوَكِّلِينَ
the ones who put trust (in Him)

Translation

It is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently with them Wert thou severe or harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about thee: so pass over (Their faults), and ask for (Allah's) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then, when thou hast Taken a decision put thy trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).

Tafsir

It was by the mercy of God that you, O Muhammad may peace and salutation be upon him, were lenient with them, that is, [that] you showed indulgence [toward them] when they disobeyed you; had you been harsh, ill-natured, and fierce of heart, brutish and coarse towards them, they would have dispersed, split away, from about you. So pardon them, pass over what they have done, and ask forgiveness for them, for their sins, until I forgive them, and consult them, find out their opinions, in the matter, that is, your affair in the battle and otherwise, in order to win their hearts over and so that you may be emulated [in this respect]; and indeed, the Prophet may peace and salutation be upon him would frequently consult them. And when you are resolved, to carry out what you wish after counsel, rely on God, put your trust in Him and not in [any] counsel; for God loves those who rely, on Him.

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