Ayah

Word by Word
۞إِذۡ
When
تُصۡعِدُونَ
you were running uphill
وَلَا
and not
تَلۡوُۥنَ
casting a glance
عَلَىٰٓ
on
أَحَدٖ
anyone
وَٱلرَّسُولُ
while the Messenger
يَدۡعُوكُمۡ
was calling you
فِيٓ
[in]
أُخۡرَىٰكُمۡ
(from) behind you
فَأَثَٰبَكُمۡ
So (He) repaid you
غَمَّۢا
(with) distress
بِغَمّٖ
on distress
لِّكَيۡلَا
so that not
تَحۡزَنُواْ
you grieve
عَلَىٰ
over
مَا
what
فَاتَكُمۡ
escaped you
وَلَا
and not
مَآ
what
أَصَٰبَكُمۡۗ
(had) befallen you
وَٱللَّهُ
And Allah
خَبِيرُۢ
(is) All-Aware
بِمَا
of what
تَعۡمَلُونَ
you do
۞إِذۡ
When
تُصۡعِدُونَ
you were running uphill
وَلَا
and not
تَلۡوُۥنَ
casting a glance
عَلَىٰٓ
on
أَحَدٖ
anyone
وَٱلرَّسُولُ
while the Messenger
يَدۡعُوكُمۡ
was calling you
فِيٓ
[in]
أُخۡرَىٰكُمۡ
(from) behind you
فَأَثَٰبَكُمۡ
So (He) repaid you
غَمَّۢا
(with) distress
بِغَمّٖ
on distress
لِّكَيۡلَا
so that not
تَحۡزَنُواْ
you grieve
عَلَىٰ
over
مَا
what
فَاتَكُمۡ
escaped you
وَلَا
and not
مَآ
what
أَصَٰبَكُمۡۗ
(had) befallen you
وَٱللَّهُ
And Allah
خَبِيرُۢ
(is) All-Aware
بِمَا
of what
تَعۡمَلُونَ
you do

Translation

Behold! ye were climbing up the high ground, without even casting a side glance at any one, and the Messenger in your rear was calling you back. There did Allah give you one distress after another by way of requital, to teach you not to grieve for (the booty) that had escaped you and for (the ill) that had befallen you. For Allah is well aware of all that ye do.

Tafsir

Remember, when you were ascending, fleeing in the distance, not turning around, [not] stopping, for anyone and the Messenger was calling you from your rear, saying, 'Come to me servants of God, this way, servants of God!', so He rewarded you, He requited you, with grief, through defeat, for grief (ghamman bighamm; the baa' [bi-], 'with', is said to mean 'alaa, 'for') because of the grief that you caused the Prophet when you disobeyed [his command], that is, [with grief] doubled, [being] in addition to the grief of the booty forfeited, so that (li-kaylaa is semantically connected either to 'afaa, 'He has pardoned', or athaabakum, 'He rewarded you'; the laa [of kay-laa] is thus extra) you might not grieve for what escaped you, of booty, neither for what befell you, of being slain and [of] defeat; and God is aware of what you do.

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