Ayah

Word by Word
وَمِنَ
And of
ٱلنَّاسِ
the people
مَن
(is he) who
يَقُولُ
says
ءَامَنَّا
We believe
بِٱللَّهِ
in Allah
فَإِذَآ
But when
أُوذِيَ
he is harmed
فِي
in
ٱللَّهِ
(the Way of) Allah
جَعَلَ
he considers
فِتۡنَةَ
(the) trial
ٱلنَّاسِ
(of) the people
كَعَذَابِ
as (the) punishment
ٱللَّهِۖ
(of) Allah
وَلَئِن
But if
جَآءَ
comes
نَصۡرٞ
victory
مِّن
from
رَّبِّكَ
your Lord
لَيَقُولُنَّ
surely they say
إِنَّا
Indeed, we
كُنَّا
were
مَعَكُمۡۚ
with you
أَوَلَيۡسَ
Is not
ٱللَّهُ
Allah
بِأَعۡلَمَ
most knowing
بِمَا
of what
فِي
(is) in
صُدُورِ
(the) breasts
ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ
(of) the worlds
وَمِنَ
And of
ٱلنَّاسِ
the people
مَن
(is he) who
يَقُولُ
says
ءَامَنَّا
We believe
بِٱللَّهِ
in Allah
فَإِذَآ
But when
أُوذِيَ
he is harmed
فِي
in
ٱللَّهِ
(the Way of) Allah
جَعَلَ
he considers
فِتۡنَةَ
(the) trial
ٱلنَّاسِ
(of) the people
كَعَذَابِ
as (the) punishment
ٱللَّهِۖ
(of) Allah
وَلَئِن
But if
جَآءَ
comes
نَصۡرٞ
victory
مِّن
from
رَّبِّكَ
your Lord
لَيَقُولُنَّ
surely they say
إِنَّا
Indeed, we
كُنَّا
were
مَعَكُمۡۚ
with you
أَوَلَيۡسَ
Is not
ٱللَّهُ
Allah
بِأَعۡلَمَ
most knowing
بِمَا
of what
فِي
(is) in
صُدُورِ
(the) breasts
ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ
(of) the worlds

Translation

Then there are among men such as say, "We believe in Allah"; but when they suffer affliction in (the cause of) Allah, they treat men's oppression as if it were the Wrath of Allah! And if help comes (to thee) from thy Lord, they are sure to say, "We have (always) been with you!" Does not Allah know best all that is in the hearts of all creation?

Tafsir

And among people there are those who say, 'We believe in God', but if such [a person] suffers hurt in God's cause, he takes people's persecution, that is, their harming of him, to be [the same] as God's chastisement, in terms of his fear of it, and so he obeys them and behaves hypocritically. Yet if (la-in: the laam is for oaths) there comes help, to believers, from your Lord, and they take spoils, they will assuredly say (la-yaqoolunna: the [final] noon [of the indicative] has been omitted because of the other noon coming after it, and likewise the waaw, indicating the plural person [has been replaced by a damma], because of two unvocalised consonants coming together), 'We were indeed with you', in faith, so give us a share of the booty. God, exalted be He, says: Does God not know best what is in the breasts of all creatures?, [what is] in their hearts of faith or hypocrisy? Indeed [He does].

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