Ayah

Word by Word
وَلَوۡلَا
And if not
كَلِمَةٞ
(for) a Word
سَبَقَتۡ
(that) preceded
مِن
from
رَّبِّكَ
your Lord
لَكَانَ
surely (would) have been
لِزَامٗا
an obligation
وَأَجَلٞ
and a term
مُّسَمّٗى
determined
وَلَوۡلَا
And if not
كَلِمَةٞ
(for) a Word
سَبَقَتۡ
(that) preceded
مِن
from
رَّبِّكَ
your Lord
لَكَانَ
surely (would) have been
لِزَامٗا
an obligation
وَأَجَلٞ
and a term
مُّسَمّٗى
determined

Translation

Had it not been for a Word that went forth before from thy Lord, (their punishment) must necessarily have come; but there is a Term appointed (for respite).

Tafsir

And but for a decree that had already preceded from your Lord, that their chastisement be deferred to the Hereafter, it, destruction, would have been an inevitability, [their destruction] would have been necessary in this world, and a specified term, fixed for them (ajalun musamman, a supplement to the pronoun concealed in kaana, 'it would have been', the separation [of both subjects] by the predicate of both serves as an emphasis).

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