Ayah

Word by Word
وَإِذۡ
And when
أَخَذۡنَا
We took
مِيثَٰقَكُمۡ
your covenant
وَرَفَعۡنَا
and We raised
فَوۡقَكُمُ
over you
ٱلطُّورَ
the mount
خُذُواْ
Hold
مَآ
what
ءَاتَيۡنَٰكُم
We gave you
بِقُوَّةٖ
with firmness
وَٱسۡمَعُواْۖ
and listen
قَالُواْ
They said
سَمِعۡنَا
We heard
وَعَصَيۡنَا
and we disobeyed
وَأُشۡرِبُواْ
And they were made to drink
فِي
in
قُلُوبِهِمُ
their hearts
ٱلۡعِجۡلَ
(love of) the calf
بِكُفۡرِهِمۡۚ
because of their disbelief
قُلۡ
Say
بِئۡسَمَا
Evil (is) that
يَأۡمُرُكُم
orders you (to do) it
بِهِۦٓ
with
إِيمَٰنُكُمۡ
your faith
إِن
if
كُنتُم
you are
مُّؤۡمِنِينَ
believers
وَإِذۡ
And when
أَخَذۡنَا
We took
مِيثَٰقَكُمۡ
your covenant
وَرَفَعۡنَا
and We raised
فَوۡقَكُمُ
over you
ٱلطُّورَ
the mount
خُذُواْ
Hold
مَآ
what
ءَاتَيۡنَٰكُم
We gave you
بِقُوَّةٖ
with firmness
وَٱسۡمَعُواْۖ
and listen
قَالُواْ
They said
سَمِعۡنَا
We heard
وَعَصَيۡنَا
and we disobeyed
وَأُشۡرِبُواْ
And they were made to drink
فِي
in
قُلُوبِهِمُ
their hearts
ٱلۡعِجۡلَ
(love of) the calf
بِكُفۡرِهِمۡۚ
because of their disbelief
قُلۡ
Say
بِئۡسَمَا
Evil (is) that
يَأۡمُرُكُم
orders you (to do) it
بِهِۦٓ
with
إِيمَٰنُكُمۡ
your faith
إِن
if
كُنتُم
you are
مُّؤۡمِنِينَ
believers

Translation

And remember We took your covenant and We raised above you (the towering height) of Mount (Sinai): (Saying): "Hold firmly to what We have given you, and hearken (to the Law)": They said:" We hear, and we disobey:" And they had to drink into their hearts (of the taint) of the calf because of their Faithlessness. Say: "Vile indeed are the behests of your Faith if ye have any faith!"

Tafsir

And when We made a covenant with you, to act according to what is in the Torah, and raised over you the Mount, to drop it on you, when you had refused to accept it; We said, 'Take forcefully, seriously and with effort, what We have given you, and listen', to what you have been commanded, and be prepared to accept it, They said, 'We hear, your words, and disobey', your command; and they were made to drink the calf in their hearts, that is to say, the love of it [the golden calf] intoxicated their hearts in the way that wine does, on account of their unbelief. Say, to them: 'Evil is that, thing, which your belief, in the Torah, enjoins on you, [in the way of] the worship of the [golden] calf, if you are believers', in it, as you claim; meaning, you are not believers, for faith does not command that you worship the calf - their forefathers are meant here. Likewise, you do not believe in the Torah, because you have denied [the prophethood of] Muhammad may peace and salutation be upon him, whereas faith in it does not command you to reject him.

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