Ayah

Word by Word
ثُمَّ
Then
أَنتُمۡ
you
هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ
(are) those
تَقۡتُلُونَ
(who) kill
أَنفُسَكُمۡ
yourselves
وَتُخۡرِجُونَ
and evict
فَرِيقٗا
a party
مِّنكُم
of you
مِّن
from
دِيَٰرِهِمۡ
their homes
تَظَٰهَرُونَ
you support one another
عَلَيۡهِم
against them
بِٱلۡإِثۡمِ
in sin
وَٱلۡعُدۡوَٰنِ
and [the] transgression
وَإِن
And if
يَأۡتُوكُمۡ
they come to you
أُسَٰرَىٰ
(as) captives
تُفَٰدُوهُمۡ
you ransom them
وَهُوَ
while it
مُحَرَّمٌ
(was) forbidden
عَلَيۡكُمۡ
to you
إِخۡرَاجُهُمۡۚ
their eviction
أَفَتُؤۡمِنُونَ
So do you believe
بِبَعۡضِ
in part (of)
ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ
the Book
وَتَكۡفُرُونَ
and disbelieve
بِبَعۡضٖۚ
in part
فَمَا
Then what
جَزَآءُ
(should be the) recompense
مَن
(for the one) who
يَفۡعَلُ
does
ذَٰلِكَ
that
مِنكُمۡ
among you
إِلَّا
except
خِزۡيٞ
disgrace
فِي
in
ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ
the life
ٱلدُّنۡيَاۖ
(of) the world
وَيَوۡمَ
and (on the) Day
ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِ
of [the] Resurrection
يُرَدُّونَ
they will be sent back
إِلَىٰٓ
to
أَشَدِّ
(the) most severe
ٱلۡعَذَابِۗ
punishment
وَمَا
And not
ٱللَّهُ
(is) Allah
بِغَٰفِلٍ
unaware
عَمَّا
of what
تَعۡمَلُونَ
you do
ثُمَّ
Then
أَنتُمۡ
you
هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ
(are) those
تَقۡتُلُونَ
(who) kill
أَنفُسَكُمۡ
yourselves
وَتُخۡرِجُونَ
and evict
فَرِيقٗا
a party
مِّنكُم
of you
مِّن
from
دِيَٰرِهِمۡ
their homes
تَظَٰهَرُونَ
you support one another
عَلَيۡهِم
against them
بِٱلۡإِثۡمِ
in sin
وَٱلۡعُدۡوَٰنِ
and [the] transgression
وَإِن
And if
يَأۡتُوكُمۡ
they come to you
أُسَٰرَىٰ
(as) captives
تُفَٰدُوهُمۡ
you ransom them
وَهُوَ
while it
مُحَرَّمٌ
(was) forbidden
عَلَيۡكُمۡ
to you
إِخۡرَاجُهُمۡۚ
their eviction
أَفَتُؤۡمِنُونَ
So do you believe
بِبَعۡضِ
in part (of)
ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ
the Book
وَتَكۡفُرُونَ
and disbelieve
بِبَعۡضٖۚ
in part
فَمَا
Then what
جَزَآءُ
(should be the) recompense
مَن
(for the one) who
يَفۡعَلُ
does
ذَٰلِكَ
that
مِنكُمۡ
among you
إِلَّا
except
خِزۡيٞ
disgrace
فِي
in
ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ
the life
ٱلدُّنۡيَاۖ
(of) the world
وَيَوۡمَ
and (on the) Day
ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِ
of [the] Resurrection
يُرَدُّونَ
they will be sent back
إِلَىٰٓ
to
أَشَدِّ
(the) most severe
ٱلۡعَذَابِۗ
punishment
وَمَا
And not
ٱللَّهُ
(is) Allah
بِغَٰفِلٍ
unaware
عَمَّا
of what
تَعۡمَلُونَ
you do

Translation

After this it is ye, the same people, who slay among yourselves, and banish a party of you from their homes; assist (Their enemies) against them, in guilt and rancour; and if they come to you as captives, ye ransom them, though it was not lawful for you to banish them. Then is it only a part of the Book that ye believe in, and do ye reject the rest? but what is the reward for those among you who behave like this but disgrace in this life?- and on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous penalty. For Allah is not unmindful of what ye do.

Tafsir

Then there you are killing one another, and expelling a party of you from their habitations, conspiring (tazzaaharoona: the original ta' has been assimilated with the zaa'; a variant reading has it without [the assimilation, that is, tazaaharoona]), assisting one another, against them in sin, in disobedience, and enmity, injustice, and if they come to you as captives (a variant reading [for usaaraa] has asraa), you ransom them (a variant reading [for tafdoohum] has tufaadoohum), that is to say, you deliver them from captivity with money etc., and this [ransoming] was one of the things to which they were pledged; yet their expulsion was forbidden you (muharramun 'alaykum ikhraajuhum is semantically connected to wa-tukhrijoona, 'and expelling', and the statement that comes in between is parenthetical, that is, [expulsion was forbidden you] in the same way that non-ransoming was forbidden you). Qurayza had allied themselves with the Aws, and the Nadeer with the Khazraj, but every member of an alliance would fight against a fellow ally, thus destroying each other's homes and expelling one another, taking prisoners and then ransoming them. When they were asked: 'Why do you fight them and then pay their ransom?', they would reply, 'Because we have been commanded to ransom'; and they would be asked, 'So, why do you fight them then?', to which they would say, 'For fear that our allies be humiliated'; God, exalted, says: What, do you believe in part of the Book, that is, the part about ransom, and disbelieve in part?, namely, the part about renouncing fighting, expulsion and assistance [against one another]; What shall be the requital of those of you who do that, but degradation, disgrace and ignominy, in the life of this world: they were disgraced when Qurayza were slewn and the Nadeer were expelled to Syria, and ordered to pay the jizya; and on the Day of Resurrection to be returned to the most terrible of chastisement? And God is not heedless of what you do (ta'maloona, or read ya'maloona, 'they do').

Topics

×
Home Learn Quran Tafsir
×
Home Learn Quran Tafsir