Ayah

Word by Word
۞يَسۡـَٔلُونَكَ
They ask you
عَنِ
about
ٱلۡأَهِلَّةِۖ
the new moons
قُلۡ
Say
هِيَ
They
مَوَٰقِيتُ
(are) indicators of periods
لِلنَّاسِ
for the people
وَٱلۡحَجِّۗ
and (for) the Hajj
وَلَيۡسَ
And it is not
ٱلۡبِرُّ
[the] righteousness
بِأَن
that
تَأۡتُواْ
you come
ٱلۡبُيُوتَ
(to) the houses
مِن
from
ظُهُورِهَا
their backs
وَلَٰكِنَّ
[and] but
ٱلۡبِرَّ
[the] righteous
مَنِ
(is one) who
ٱتَّقَىٰۗ
fears (Allah)
وَأۡتُواْ
And come
ٱلۡبُيُوتَ
(to) the houses
مِنۡ
from
أَبۡوَٰبِهَاۚ
their doors
وَٱتَّقُواْ
And fear
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
لَعَلَّكُمۡ
so that you may
تُفۡلِحُونَ
(be) successful
۞يَسۡـَٔلُونَكَ
They ask you
عَنِ
about
ٱلۡأَهِلَّةِۖ
the new moons
قُلۡ
Say
هِيَ
They
مَوَٰقِيتُ
(are) indicators of periods
لِلنَّاسِ
for the people
وَٱلۡحَجِّۗ
and (for) the Hajj
وَلَيۡسَ
And it is not
ٱلۡبِرُّ
[the] righteousness
بِأَن
that
تَأۡتُواْ
you come
ٱلۡبُيُوتَ
(to) the houses
مِن
from
ظُهُورِهَا
their backs
وَلَٰكِنَّ
[and] but
ٱلۡبِرَّ
[the] righteous
مَنِ
(is one) who
ٱتَّقَىٰۗ
fears (Allah)
وَأۡتُواْ
And come
ٱلۡبُيُوتَ
(to) the houses
مِنۡ
from
أَبۡوَٰبِهَاۚ
their doors
وَٱتَّقُواْ
And fear
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
لَعَلَّكُمۡ
so that you may
تُفۡلِحُونَ
(be) successful

Translation

They ask thee concerning the New Moons. Say: They are but signs to mark fixed periods of time in (the affairs of) men, and for Pilgrimage. It is no virtue if ye enter your houses from the back: It is virtue if ye fear Allah. Enter houses through the proper doors: And fear Allah: That ye may prosper.

Tafsir

They will ask you, O Muhammad may peace and salutation be upon him, about the new moons (ahilla, plural of hilaal): 'Why do they seem very thin, and then wax until they are full of light, and then wane again as at the first, and are not always the same, in the way that the sun is?' Say, to them: 'They are appointed times (mawaaqeet is the plural of meeqaat) for the people, for them to know the times for sowing the land, for business, for their women's waiting periods, their fast and their breaking it, and the Pilgrimage' (wa'l-hajji and the Pilgrimage', is a supplement to li'l-naasi, 'for the people'), that is to say, [appointed times] by which its season is known, for if they [the new moons] always looked the same, none of these things could be known. It is not piety to come to the houses from their backs, in [your] state of pilgrimage inviolability (ihraam), when you would bore holes in them to enter them and then exit, disregarding their doors; they used to do this and claim that it was out of piety; but piety is to fear, God by not contravening His commands; so come to the houses by their doors, when in a state of pilgrimage inviolability, and fear God, that you may prosper, [that you may] triumph.

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