Ayah

وَإِذۡ قُلۡنَا لِلۡمَلَٰٓئِكَةِ ٱسۡجُدُواْ لِءَادَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓاْ إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنۡ أَمۡرِ رَبِّهِۦٓ ۗ أَفَتَتَّخِذُونَهُۥ وَذُرِّيَّتَهُۥٓ أَوۡلِيَآءَ مِن دُونِى وَهُمۡ لَكُمۡ عَدُوٌّ ۚ بِئۡسَ لِلظَّٰلِمِينَ بَدَلًا

Translation

Behold! We said to the angels, "Bow down to Adam": They bowed down except Iblis. He was one of the Jinns, and he broke the Command of his Lord. Will ye then take him and his progeny as protectors rather than Me? And they are enemies to you! Evil would be the exchange for the wrong-doers!<br/>

Tafsir

And when (idh is dependent because it is governed by [an implicit] udhkur, 'mention [when]') We said to the angels, 'Prostrate before Adam', a prostration involving a bow, not placing one's forehead down [to the ground], as a greeting to him; and so they prostrated, [all] except Iblees. He was [one] of the jinn - some say that these [creatures] are a species of angels, in which case the exceptive clause [illaa Iblees, 'except Iblees'] is a continuous one; but it is also said to be discontinuous, since Iblees is [considered] the progenitor of [all] the jinn, having offspring who are mentioned alongside him further below; angels, on the other hand, do not have offspring; and he transgressed against his Lord's command, that is to say, he rebelled against obedience to Him by refraining from [performing] the prostration. Will you then take him and his offspring - this address is to Adam and his progeny (the [final pronominal suffix] haa' in both words refers to Iblees) for your patrons instead of Me, obeying them, when they are an enemy to you?, in other words, [when they are your] enemies (wa-hum lakum 'aduwwun is a circumstantial qualifier). How evil for the evildoers is that substitute!, of Iblees and his offspring, in obeying them instead of obeying God.

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