Ayah

Word by Word
إِنَّمَا
Only
جُعِلَ
was appointed
ٱلسَّبۡتُ
the Sabbath
عَلَى
for
ٱلَّذِينَ
those who
ٱخۡتَلَفُواْ
differed
فِيهِۚ
in it
وَإِنَّ
And indeed
رَبَّكَ
your Lord
لَيَحۡكُمُ
will surely judge
بَيۡنَهُمۡ
between them
يَوۡمَ
(on) the Day
ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِ
(of) the Resurrection
فِيمَا
in what
كَانُواْ
they used (to)
فِيهِ
[in it]
يَخۡتَلِفُونَ
differ
إِنَّمَا
Only
جُعِلَ
was appointed
ٱلسَّبۡتُ
the Sabbath
عَلَى
for
ٱلَّذِينَ
those who
ٱخۡتَلَفُواْ
differed
فِيهِۚ
in it
وَإِنَّ
And indeed
رَبَّكَ
your Lord
لَيَحۡكُمُ
will surely judge
بَيۡنَهُمۡ
between them
يَوۡمَ
(on) the Day
ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِ
(of) the Resurrection
فِيمَا
in what
كَانُواْ
they used (to)
فِيهِ
[in it]
يَخۡتَلِفُونَ
differ

Translation

The Sabbath was only made (strict) for those who disagreed (as to its observance); But Allah will judge between them on the Day of Judgment, as to their differences.

Tafsir

The Sabbath was only prescribed, in other words, its consecration was made obligatory [only], for those who differed concerning it, with their prophet - these were the Jews. They were commanded to devote themselves solely to worship on Friday, but they said, 'We do not want it', and chose Saturday; consequently thereon [the observance of] it was enforced strictly on them; and lo! your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection, concerning that wherein they used to differ, with regard this matter [of the Sabbath], by rewarding the obedient and chastising the one who disobeyed by [his] violating its sanctity.

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