Ayah

Word by Word
حَتَّىٰٓ
Until
إِذَا
when
ٱسۡتَيۡـَٔسَ
gave up hope
ٱلرُّسُلُ
the Messengers
وَظَنُّوٓاْ
and thought
أَنَّهُمۡ
that they
قَدۡ
certainly
كُذِبُواْ
were denied
جَآءَهُمۡ
then came to them
نَصۡرُنَا
Our help
فَنُجِّيَ
and was saved
مَن
whom
نَّشَآءُۖ
We willed
وَلَا
And not
يُرَدُّ
(can) be repelled
بَأۡسُنَا
Our punishment
عَنِ
from
ٱلۡقَوۡمِ
the people
ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ
(who are) criminals
حَتَّىٰٓ
Until
إِذَا
when
ٱسۡتَيۡـَٔسَ
gave up hope
ٱلرُّسُلُ
the Messengers
وَظَنُّوٓاْ
and thought
أَنَّهُمۡ
that they
قَدۡ
certainly
كُذِبُواْ
were denied
جَآءَهُمۡ
then came to them
نَصۡرُنَا
Our help
فَنُجِّيَ
and was saved
مَن
whom
نَّشَآءُۖ
We willed
وَلَا
And not
يُرَدُّ
(can) be repelled
بَأۡسُنَا
Our punishment
عَنِ
from
ٱلۡقَوۡمِ
the people
ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ
(who are) criminals

Translation

(Respite will be granted) until, when the messengers give up hope (of their people) and (come to) think that they were treated as liars, there reaches them Our help, and those whom We will are delivered into safety. But never will be warded off our punishment from those who are in sin.

Tafsir

Until (hattaa indicates the end [result] indicated by [the previous statement] wa-maa arsalnaa min qablika illaa rijaalan, And We did not send before you [any messengers] save men [above, Q. 12:109]), that is, [to whom] Our support waned until, when the messengers despaired and thought, [when] the messengers were certain, that they were denied (read kudhdhiboo, to mean [that they were denied] to such an extent that [they believed that] there would not be any [possible acceptance of] faith thereafter; or read kudhiboo, to mean that the communities thought that their messengers had been lied to concerning the victory which they had been promised), Our help came to them and whomever We willed We delivered (read fa-nunajjee or fa-nunjee; or fa-nujjiya, as past tense, '[whomever We wished] was delivered'). And Our wrath, Our chastisement, cannot be averted from the sinning, the idolatrous, folk.

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